PROPER Function

Description

PROPER Function capitalizes the first letter in a text string and any other letters in text that follow any character other than a letter. Converts all other letters to lowercase letters.

If you want to converts all uppercase letters in a text string to lowercase, please use LOWER function.

If you want to converts all lowercase letters in a text string to uppercase, please use UPPER function.

Syntax

PROPER(text)

Parameters

Text Required. Text enclosed in quotation marks, a formula that returns text, or a reference to a cell containing the text you want to partially capitalize.

Examples

The example may be easier to understand if you copy A1:C6 to a blank worksheet.

1
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A B C
Data
EXcEl 2013 BiBle
2-cent's worth
Formula Result Description
=PROPER(A2) Excel 2013 Bible Proper case of text string.
=PROPER(A3) 2-Cent'S Worth Proper case of text string.

Video training

See also: Excel text functions

ASC
Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
BAHTTEXT
Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
CHAR
Returns the character specified by the code number
CLEAN
Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE
Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
CONCATENATE
Joins several text items into one text item
DOLLAR
Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format
EXACT
Checks to see if two text values are identical
FIND, FINDB
Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FIXED
Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
WIDECHAR
Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
LEFT, LEFTB
Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENB
Returns the number of characters in a text string
LOWER
Converts text to lowercase
MID, MIDB
Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
PHONETIC
Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PROPER
Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
REPLACE, REPLACEB
Replaces characters within text
REPT
Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTB
Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
SEARCH, SEARCHB
Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SUBSTITUTE
Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
T
Converts its arguments to text
TEXT
Formats a number and converts it to text
TRIM
Removes spaces from text
UPPER
Converts text to uppercase
VALUE
Converts a text argument to a number

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