CONCATENATE Function

Description

The CONCATENATE Function joins up to 255 text strings into one text string. The joined items can be text, numbers, cell references, or a combination of those items. For example, if your worksheet contains a person's first name in cell A1 and the person's last name in cell B1, you can combine the two values in another cell by using the following formula:

=CONCATENATE(A1," ",B1)

The second argument in this example (" ") is a space character. You must specify any spaces or punctuation that you want to appear in the results as an argument that is enclosed in quotation marks.

Syntax

CONCATENATE(text1, [text2], ...)

Parameters

Text1 Required. The first text item to be concatenated.
Text2, ... Optional. Additional text items, up to a maximum of 255 items. The items must be separated by commas.

You can also use the ampersand (&) calculation operator instead of the CONCATENATE function to join text items. For example,

=A1 & B1

returns the same value as

=CONCATENATE(A1, B1)

Remarks

The CONCATENATE Function support up to a maximum of 255 items.

Examples

The example may be easier to understand if you copy A1:C5 to a blank worksheet.

1
2
3
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5
A B C
Formula Result Description
=CONCATENATE("Hello"," ","world") Hello world Concatenates the string.
=CONCATENATE("iPhone"," ",6) iPhone 6 Concatenates the string.
=CONCATENATE("Excel"," ",2013) Excel 2013 Concatenates the string.
="Excel "&2013 Excel 2013 Using & instead of the CONCATENATE function.

Video training

See also: Excel text functions

ASC
Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
BAHTTEXT
Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
CHAR
Returns the character specified by the code number
CLEAN
Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE
Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
CONCATENATE
Joins several text items into one text item
DOLLAR
Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format
EXACT
Checks to see if two text values are identical
FIND, FINDB
Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FIXED
Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
WIDECHAR
Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
LEFT, LEFTB
Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENB
Returns the number of characters in a text string
LOWER
Converts text to lowercase
MID, MIDB
Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
PHONETIC
Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PROPER
Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
REPLACE, REPLACEB
Replaces characters within text
REPT
Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTB
Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
SEARCH, SEARCHB
Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SUBSTITUTE
Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
T
Converts its arguments to text
TEXT
Formats a number and converts it to text
TRIM
Removes spaces from text
UPPER
Converts text to uppercase
VALUE
Converts a text argument to a number

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